Types Of Metal Testing

Types Of Metal Testing. When you start a metal fabrication process you will need to know what types of metal testing are available and what the purpose of each is. There are four primary types of metal testing that are usually done during the fabrication process, they are TIG, SEM, ITC and FTI. The purpose of each type of testing is to test for metals whether they are forming elements or casting, shrinkage, bending, compressive and tensile strength, fatigue, and many other properties.

There are many uses for metal testing equipment. A popular choice for both designing and testing materials is TIG welding. When we talk about designing we are talking about things such as prototype aircraft, space shuttles, cars, and other structures. When it comes to testing we are usually talking about the properties of the metal being manufactured or formed. The types of metal testing methods include tig welding, tensile strength, torsion, creep, bend, and fatigue.

With so many metals in existence there are always going to be new uses for testing equipment. When a new metal is needed to be manufactured or formed there are two options available to us. One option is to drill down into the metal and melt it until it can be formed into the desired piece or the other option is to use a tester that can determine the properties of metals and find the right properties to form the part. Both of these types of tester work very well in the industry. Some of the most common metals used for tester applications include titanium, copper, stainless steel, aluminum and iron alloys.

The Non Metal Material Testing.

The Non Metal Material Testing. Most of the construction material testing services are being delivered through non metal testing services like penguin testing. Most of the non-metal testing services like penguin testing is done by high temperature chamber, which is a special type of testing chambers that contains hot and cold temperatures to test different alloys. These hot and cold temperatures are set to various specifications, which in turn helps in identifying the differences in properties of metals, alloys in their pure state. The other testing services are done through non metal testing services which help in testing for the differences in stresses as well as strains as the testing helps in identifying if any of the metals or alloys have undergone any kind of stress or strain. The other services are also applied on the testing of other materials like electrical resistance, dielectric strength as well as the thickness of materials.

The testing of alloys and metals is a very specialized and complex process, which involves a number of detailed tests that are performed and monitored by trained engineers or technocrats. The testing of materials may include the testing of electrical resistance and strain as well as the testing of dielectric strength. Some of the materials may also need to be tested for the compatibility with some other alloys as well as other metals. Thus the various types of tests that are applied on the different materials depend upon the application of the material. For example, the material testing services for electrical resistance should be different from that of strain testing.

The application of non-metal material testing services like penguin test is necessary as it helps in evaluating the metallic properties of various alloys and metals. These alloys and metals include; iron, steel, copper, brass, aluminium, tin, zinc and Teflon coated alloys. Some other important alloys and metals include; composites, pigments, laminated metals, coatings etc. These alloys are used in different applications apart from the automobile industry. Thus these tests are important for the overall performance of the automobile as well as in various other applications.

The Validation Of Heavy Metal Testing Method

The Validation Of Heavy Metal Testing Method. Valentino’s checklist and validation of heavy metal material testing methodologies provide you with the opportunity to see first hand how they actually perform their job. It is very clear to see that this checklist is a comprehensive yet concise methodology designed to ensure all aspects of material testing are covered. In addition, it covers important aspects that you may not have even thought about, such as verification of the equipment used and the process of test design, and validity of their results. Most importantly, validation of the method ensures that the test was conducted in accordance to industry standards. Many metal testing methodologies do not go through this validation process, however, as they are aimed at achieving cost savings without necessarily meeting industry requirements.

Heavy metal material testing methodologies usually differ from one company to the next; therefore, finding the right validation checklist is important for you to get a better understanding of the validation methodologies applied in your industry and to avoid falling into the same trap. Therefore, if you want to validate any of the metal methods involved in your testing, you need to find a company that will provide you with a checklist that includes the validation of all of the steps in the entire process. Validation is a process designed to ensure that the results of any tests are congruent with those of industry norms, thereby eliminating possible misinterpretations of the results. Furthermore, validation is also important because it gives you a chance to confirm or dispute any of the data given by the testing laboratory.

Validation is especially important for metals testing methodologies that require periodic re-testing or validation of the test results in order to ensure that they are conforming to published research and standards. As with all other forms of validation, the purpose of validation is to eliminate the chances of the validity of the results being invalidated due to errors or misinterpretations, and to ensure that the validity of the methodology can be verified. This validation is crucial especially for materials that undergo processing and finishing procedures. These processes involve high temperatures and are extremely important in the manufacturing of heavy equipment and other products. For this reason, validation of the metal fabrication processes must be conducted regularly.

The Metal Testing Method

The Metal Testing Method. The soil reclamation and metal testing method for metals can be used in many situations where the results of an initial test result are inconclusive or extremely abnormal. This type of testing can be done with an ion exchange technique where the soil is mixed with a solution that has metallic ions replaced with an electrolyte. This is then passed through a magnetized gap to create an electric field that draws the metal ions from the soil and place them into an electrode where they are measured. If there is no reaction, then this is a good indicator that the metal ions have been pulled from the soil before any changes in the soil composition have occurred.

The standard soil testing extraction method used by most laboratories is a reverse osmosis process that relies on the separation of the water and the soil. The ion exchange technique on the other hand relies on the interaction of water and the metal ions for the removal process. It is important that you use only well tested, certified equipment when carrying out this process. The process used by soil testers relies on the method of electrical conductivity testing where the particular metal sample is weighed, mixed with a solution that contains solutions of sodium, potassium, and chloride. The weigh difference indicates the concentration of the metal content in the soil sample. Standard soil testing procedure is then followed to evaluate the results of the analysis results.

The non-destructive testing machines are different from the destructive ones. When the sample is being tested, the sample is placed into the device that has an electrical charge that will draw the sample into an electrode. There are different types of these devices depending on the amount of metals being tested. The thickness of the wire used is also important in determining the results of the test. The different types of electrodes are: electrochemical, electromagnetic, and optical.

The Metal Testing Process

The Metal Testing Process. In the current scenario, where quality is of prime importance and where time management is of utmost importance, the metallurgical engineering has gained enough popularity. With this immense growth, various colleges are offering different degree programs and with this growing popularity, the number of institutes offering admission in the said courses has also increased. Since the metallurgical engineering branch is associated with numerous branches, the quality and standard of education offered by these colleges are also of great importance. To make the admission process easier for students, most of these institutions offer an easy degree entrance test. Also, since this branch has not been associated with any major catastrophe till date, most of these institutions offer admission in the form of an ACG, BCA, CA, etc… If you too want to pursue your higher education in this field, then you must look for a good college that offers the above-mentioned levels of degree.

For obtaining a degree in the metallurgical engineering, one must undergo through the following admission process. First of all, he must complete the main course requirement of the college, which will be comprised of subjects like physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics. Then he can contact the admission office of the college or he can personally apply for the admission. If the candidate is eligible for the admission, he will be asked to submit the copy of his transcripts along with the subject scores and his admission fee.

After getting admitted in the said college, he will be given a time span to complete the courses. On completion of the entire course, the student will receive a certificate. The certificate will be helpful for him to get a job as a member in the staff of a specific metal testing process. However, if the candidate needs the help of an external professional for understanding the whole metal testing process or for helping him in his work then he can get it through taking up an internship. The job offer will be beneficial for both the student and the professional.

Finding Profits By Marketing Your Business Through Facebook

In less than 10 years, Facebook has changed how we socialize and enjoy the pleasure of each others company. Did you also know that using Facebook for marketing purposes can generate a virtually unlimited supply of new customers for your business? The following article will demonstrate the value of Facebook marketing and what it can do for you.

Create a unique Facebook page that is capapble of standing apart from the rest. The key to marketing on Facebook is to not look just like the other guys. Almost everyone uses Facebook these days, so you must be different if you want to be noticed before one of your competitors is.

Watch your grammar, even if you do not feel like it is necessary. You may feel like you can get away with a mistake here and there due to the nature of your business, but this is not true. If you know that your grammar has issues, run everything through a checker before you post it.

If you want to target a custom audience, you can do that. This will help laser focus certain marketing messages you send out. Special deals devoted to previous customers, for instance. It will save you time and money.

A fan base is a must before you begin marketing on Facebook. This means that you shouldn’t waste time really marketing services, products or offering promotions until at least 5,000 followers are achieved. Once you hit that threshold, you’ll see that your conversion rate heads skyward.

Avoid posting updates too frequently. If you notice that your subscribers are not interested in your updates, try reducing the frequency of your updates. Save the content you want to share so you can post more valuable updates later. Posting one daily update is your best option if your subscribers check Facebook regularly.

Creating content for Facebook can be tedious and frustrating. If you have a Facebook business page, you need to post new content every single day to engage your audience. Can you afford this type of time commitment? If not, use targeted ads instead to bring your message to your target audience.


Your Facebook page needs to contain information that your audience is not able to get anywhere else. If they feel like they are reading old content, it will not give them the incentive to return. Make sure that you offer exclusive content that is only available for people that have subscribed to your page.

Facebook Offers is a great tool for promoting giveaways and contests on your site. All you have to do is set up the offer, then switch it to a Promoted Post through your wall. If it’s a good deal, you can give it to people that do not even like your page yet.


When using Facebook to promote your business, use photos to convey messages. Photos are a great way to showcase what you have to offer. They also allow you to write in descriptions and additional information that your users will find helpful or interesting. Don’t neglect to describe your photos, you will be missing out on key SEO and search capabilities.

Get more followers by hiding content from those that aren’t fans. A casual visitor just might be willing to start following you if that’s the only way to get access to a particularly interesting part of your page. Only hide a bit of your content or you will lose part of the impact of your SEO.

Despite being relatively new to the business world, Facebook is now a powerful force in marketing. Using it to your advantage will not only introduce you to more and more customers, it will also keep you more competitive! Put the tips from this article to work for your business soon with a killer Facebook marketing campaign.

Check Out This Article On Network Marketing That Offers Many Great Tips

Network marketing is a marketing strategy that makes use of “�who you know.’ Marketing or selling to your contacts, whether they are friends, family or associates is an effect marketing tool. Word-of-mouth sales produce well. The information in this article will help you succeed, read on!

People are going to need a reason to trust you as a network marketer, and it is up to you and you alone to give them this reason. If you cannot think of a reason why someone should trust you with their investment, then perhaps you should find something else to do besides marketing.

Every success in network marketing was preceded at first by failures. You do not make it in this industry without being willing to fail at first. It is through these failures that we learn what to do and what to avoid. The main point is to take these fails and turn them into positives.

Stay accessible! Your network marketing business won’t flourish unless you make yourself available to your downline and potential sign-ups. It’s worth it to invest in a smartphone so that you have your email at your fingertips, all day long. You’ll want to follow up on leads while they’re still piping hot!

Invest in a laptop or tablet for your network marketing business. If you have your information easily portable, you can meet someone at a coffee shop and then show them your statistics to impress them. Being prepared and available with information will help them to trust you, which will lead to a sign-up in no time.

If you’re going to bring potential sign-ups to your home to talk business, make a space in your house that is appropriate. No barking dogs, shedding cats, or children should EVER enter this area of your house! It has to be clean, organized, and give off the look of money. Include items like artwork and antiques, but don’t overdo it. Someone who has money doesn’t have to shout it to the world.

Never EVER post on your network marketing blog or forum about personal issues unless they relate to your business in a positive manner. For example, posting that you were able to attend your daughter’s baseball game today because of the flexibility of your job is fine. Posting that your wife is leaving you because you’re a penniless hack is NOT. Watch what you say online, it’s there forever.


How do you plan on funding your network marketing strategy? A successful campaign won’t be free until it begins to pay for itself, so you have to think of where the money that you plan to put up at the start, will come from. If you don’t have the money, how can you earn it?

It may take money to make money with network marketing, so do not forget that you may need to invest in order to see a return on that investment. If you aren’t ready to put any money into building a successful marketing business, perhaps you should look elsewhere to find money-making opportunities.


If you do set a budget for your network marketing campaign, make sure that you’re ready to stick to it. A simple few dollars over budget will snowball out of control after you convince yourself that it’s only a few dollars and thus not that important. Before you know it, you’re looking at mounting debt.

Be honest with your reps and manage their expectations. Don’t bring them in saying that they are going to make 10,000 dollars in the first month. It’s tempting to give them these big dreams in the hopes that they’ll just work their butts off and make it. The problem is that when they don’t make it they will get discouraged and give up entirely.

In conclusion, network marketing is a useful strategy to sell your product and or services. Word-of-mouth and referrals are priceless when it comes to marketing. Make use of the tips provided to get the most out of this feature!

Mobil Robot

mobil robot

Mobil robot menjadi pemandangan yang semakin umum di jalan-jalan Amerika karena kemajuan teknologi dan keselamatan pengemudi menjadi prioritas. Sebuah mobil self-driving, juga disebut mobil otonom, kendaraan tanpa pengemudi, atau mobil robot, adalah mobil yang mampu mengemudi sendiri tanpa masukan manusia atau kesadaran sekitarnya. Mobil robot menggunakan sistem komputer yang kompleks untuk “mengetahui” di mana mereka berada dalam kaitannya dengan mobil lain, pejalan kaki, dan rintangan lain di jalan di depan dan kemudian “mencegah” perilaku tersebut agar tidak menabrak atau menabrak kendaraan lain. Akibatnya, ketika tidak menabrak mobil lain, mobil itu tidak jatuh, dan jika menabrak, itu bisa dicegah dengan sangat cepat. Hasilnya adalah transportasi yang lebih aman dan bertanggung jawab bagi semua orang yang terlibat.

Meskipun kita mungkin tidak hidup di masa di mana kita akan memiliki kendaraan yang sepenuhnya otonom di jalan (seperti yang sudah ada di beberapa daerah), setidaknya kita masih melihat kemajuan di bidang teknologi ini. Sebagai contoh, beberapa produsen mobil besar telah memperkenalkan teknologi mengemudi otomatis yang memungkinkan pengemudi untuk fokus pada jalan di depan daripada melihat kendaraan di depan mereka. Selain itu, beberapa perusahaan asuransi kini menawarkan berbagai bentuk pertanggungan bagi pemilik kendaraan robotik ini. Meskipun belum ada undang-undang yang melarang kendaraan ini di jalan terbuka, perusahaan asuransi umumnya tidak akan menghapus seseorang karena sifatnya yang baru dan otomatis. Selain itu, sebagian besar mobil dan sistem ini dipantau atau dikemudikan oleh manusia dalam beberapa cara, sehingga tidak ada bahaya kendaraan otomatis menabrak gedung atau keluar dari jalan.

Ada beberapa jenis kendaraan self-driving dan otonom, tetapi semuanya termasuk dalam salah satu dari tiga kategori: fully self-contained (VSC), semi-integrated (SIV), atau fully self-driven (FTC). Ketiganya mewakili pendekatan yang sangat berbeda untuk masalah mencegah tabrakan. Dengan VSC, seseorang yang mengemudikan kendaraan otonom tidak perlu terlibat langsung, yang secara signifikan mengurangi risiko tabrakan karena orang yang duduk di kursi depan lebih mungkin untuk mengetahui jika ada sesuatu yang salah. Selanjutnya, sistem VSC biasanya dikendalikan oleh suatu entitas, seperti komputer, yang juga dapat mengendalikan rem dan mempercepat atau mengerem sendiri.Sistem semi-terintegrasi di sisi lain, mengharuskan manusia di kursi depan masih mampu mengambil alih kendali jika terjadi sesuatu, seperti robot menabrak trotoar. Sebaliknya, kendaraan otonom yang sepenuhnya mandiri, seperti robocop FTC, masih membutuhkan pengemudi untuk memantau sistem, tetapi ia dapat menggunakan komputer tablet seperti iPad atau Kindle untuk melakukannya. Robocop FTC juga memiliki fitur “pengemudi yang dibantu robot” yang membuat mobil mengikuti undang-undang lalu lintas otomatis, menurut siaran pers. Mobil swakemudi robot juga kemungkinan akan menjadi lebih populer karena kendaraan yang dibantu komputer dengan kecerdasan buatan menjadi lebih terjangkau.Karena ada berbagai macam bentuk dan jenis kendaraan otonom, ada baiknya untuk meneliti model yang tersedia untuk melihat jenis mana yang paling sesuai dengan kebutuhan Anda. Perusahaan yang lebih besar dan lebih terkenal, seperti Volvo, Daimler-Chrysler, dan Ford, menghasilkan banyak uang dengan kendaraan konsep otonom mereka. Namun, perusahaan yang lebih kecil, seperti Google, Virgin, dan Waymo, juga ingin membuat penyok di pasar kendaraan otonom. Ini semua tergantung pada berapa banyak dana yang dimiliki perusahaan, dan jenis opsi pembiayaan apa yang dapat mereka kejar. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mobil self-driving dan sistem Full Driving Robot akan mengurangi biaya lalu lintas hingga tiga puluh persen. Penghematan ini akan memungkinkan pengemudi menghabiskan lebih banyak waktu menikmati jalan, daripada membuang-buang bensin.

Di masa depan, kita harus bisa menyaksikan mobil robot melakukan semua yang dilakukan mobil biasa, kecuali mengemudi sendiri. Meskipun ini mungkin tampak seperti fiksi ilmiah sekarang, dalam waktu yang tidak terlalu lama, kita dapat menyaksikan mobil robot berjalan di jalan terbuka di trek simulasi. Mereka akan dapat menghindari rintangan, mengontrol kecepatan, dan menavigasi melalui jalan raya dan jalan raya yang sibuk. Ini berarti jalan yang lebih aman untuk semua orang, serta kemacetan lalu lintas yang lebih sedikit. Pada akhirnya, jika Anda khawatir tentang lalu lintas dan jalan raya, Anda akan senang mengetahui bahwa masa depan kendaraan otonom termasuk mengemudi sendiri, sepenuhnya otomatis, android yang akan menangani tugas mengemudi jika terjadi keadaan darurat.

Elemen Mekatronika

elemen mekatronika

Pada artikel ini akan dibahas mengenai elemen mekatronika. Mekatronika adalah istilah umum yang digunakan untuk menggambarkan penerapan prinsip-prinsip mekanika dan sistem elektronik di bidang manufaktur. Integrasi ini berfokus pada implementasi proses, yang memfasilitasi pengoperasian mesin atau keseluruhan sistem pada tingkat yang lebih tinggi. Sangat penting untuk mengontrol semua variabel yang mempengaruhi kinerja proses manufaktur dan hasil yang diperoleh. Berbagai komponen bidang ini masing-masing memiliki tugas yang berbeda untuk dilakukan. Integrasi ini bertujuan untuk memberikan solusi terbaik untuk setiap jenis masalah yang mungkin timbul selama proses berlangsung.

Tujuan utama dari teknik mekatronik adalah untuk menciptakan mesin yang mampu beroperasi pada tingkat kecepatan tinggi dan presisi tingkat tinggi. Berbagai komponen yang membentuk sistem datang dengan persyaratan yang berbeda. Misalnya, ada yang harus berinteraksi dengan kontrol logika yang dapat diprogram (PC), sensor, dan aktuator. Semua komponen ini memiliki peran khusus mereka sendiri, sehingga mereka membentuk sirkuit terpadu (IC) yang sangat penting untuk operasi yang efisien dari seluruh sistem.Sistem mekatronik harus mampu mengintegrasikan semua komponen mekanis yang berbeda pada setiap tahapan proses manufaktur sehingga tercapai produk akhir yang diinginkan. Beberapa fungsi penting dari IC adalah resolusi gambar, pengukuran dan analisis, pembangkitan sinyal, jam, kontrol digital, sinkronisasi jam waktu nyata, dan komunikasi antara berbagai komponen dan kontrol logika yang dapat diprogram (PLC). Ini hanya beberapa tugas utama yang dilakukan oleh sistem mekatronik.Integrasi mekatronik pertama kali diperkenalkan pada 1950-an dengan diperkenalkannya PLC. Dengan menggunakan alat ini, para insinyur dapat meningkatkan kecepatan produksi dan menurunkan biaya produk. Dengan bantuan PLC, sistem mekatronika menjadi lebih akurat dan responsif, dan juga menjadi lebih kompak. Selama bertahun-tahun, alat lain diperkenalkan yang membuat integrasi menjadi lebih mudah. Saat ini, sistem mekatronik merupakan bagian penting dari desain terintegrasi.

Karena aplikasi sistem mekatronik yang luas dan kecanggihannya yang meningkat, banyak perusahaan mulai menggunakannya untuk menerapkan manajemen rantai pasokan dan program kontrol kualitas. Dengan memanfaatkan alat dan perangkat lunak simulasi, mereka sekarang dapat memperoleh hasil yang diinginkan tanpa mempertimbangkan kerumitan penerapan program secara mekanis. Dengan menggabungkan teknologi simulasi dengan teknik manual seperti mengukur data dan mengendalikan proses secara manual, mereka dapat menyesuaikan proses untuk meningkatkan produktivitas dan dengan demikian meningkatkan kinerja operasional perusahaan secara keseluruhan. Selain itu, mereka dapat menentukan cara terbaik untuk menerapkan sistem baru mereka dan menghemat banyak waktu dan uang dalam prosesnya.

Saat ini, banyak perusahaan yang menggunakan sistem kontrol mekatronik dan sistem kontrol otomatis PLC dapat memperoleh hasil yang sama seperti yang mereka harapkan. Hal ini karena mereka telah meluangkan waktu untuk melakukan penelitian yang komprehensif pada sistem tersebut dan berbagai faktor yang berperan dalam proses implementasi. Para ahli mekatronika juga sangat akrab dengan pemrograman PLC dan dengan demikian, mampu memberikan bantuan cepat kepada mereka yang membutuhkannya. Oleh karena itu, jika Anda berencana untuk menerapkan kontrol otomatis atas mesin di pabrik atau fasilitas Anda, sebaiknya hubungi salah satu integrator sistem mekatronik saat ini.

How To Be A Leader With Network Marketing

There are a lot of people out there that are still in the dark about MLM and how to receive true success through network marketing, but there is a way that you – even without much experience to start – can get a great flow of business through this method. Find your niche and get your profits, but start with these network marketing tips.

Use your upline to learn from. They have been exactly where you are and they are there to help you just like you will help your downstream. Use them to learn tips for network marketing in general and for specific tips on your product line. You can then pass that knowledge on down the line.

A new network marketing opportunity will always be more lucrative than a long-standing one, but the older one will be more stable and likely to stick around. You have to judge each opportunity as it comes along on whether or not it’s financially viable, and what it’s current reputation is, before you decide to join.

If you are looking to make a network marketing business a success, then you need to follow a strict schedule. You need to be able to devote 12 to 15 hours minimum per week to this endeavor. You should schedule your time as needed, and then work as the schedule was intended, and your business will be running efficiently.

Use seminars to network with people and establish good business relationships. Seminars can be conducted in person or more conveniently these days through a digital connection. Attend as many of these meetings of the minds as you can and make a good first impression. You may be talking to future customers, affiliates or otherwise, beneficial people, who will fit nicely into your network marketing strategy.

Allow your downline to shine by providing an area for your teammates to write about their successes. More than just a testimonial, having a downline blog will show both that you are an excellent team leader and that your downline has been successful thanks to your mentoring. This is a huge plus to anyone looking to sign up!

Leverage you efforts. Network marketing is traditionally about exchanging time for money. If you leverage your time by setting up automated systems to do some of your generic network marketing tasks, you will have more time to network personally, with people deserving of your time, who can actually help your business grow.

Always present yourself professionally. By wearing smart clothes, standing up straight and using correct speech, you will give your prospects the impression that you are a successful business owner and that you know exactly what you are doing. When you gain the respect of your prospects, it will be easier to get advice and leads from them.


If you’re creating a network marketing business online, buy your own domain name! Shared hosting will make you look cheap and unprofessional, and you will NOT be taken seriously unless you have a domain of your own. Make it short and easy to remember, and don’t forget to include important keywords from your website in it for good SEO.

Forums are an excellent way to gain leads! Put your website’s address in your signature as a clickable link using your keyword-rich anchor text (SEO never sleeps!) and post away. Make sure you’re not spamming the forum, instead add insightful information which people truly want to read. The more they enjoy your posts, the more likely they are to click your link.

If you have never really taken on MLM before, you may find that network marketing seems a lot more difficult than it really is. You can use your time wisely and become productive in the process within just a short time if you take the time to learn a few things through these great and informative tips.